Learning disorders (LDs) are a group of disorders that inhibit the brain’s ability to receive, process, store, respond to, and communicate information (1). Most children with learning disorders have average to above-average intelligence but often process information differently than others, leading to issues in the classroom. LDs affect as many as 1 in 5 people in the U.S. and contribute not only to difficulties in academic performance, but also in developing self-esteem and interpersonal relationships (2).
It is important to speak directly with your Doctor concerning the presence or confirmation of any diagnosis.
Types of Learning Disorders
- Dyslexia is a reading disorder characterized by difficulty recognizing letters, learning letter sounds, and identifying rhyming words. Young children with the disorder may also experience delayed language development and have trouble learning to spell and write as they reach school age.
- Dysgraphia is characterized by distorted and incorrect handwriting, as well as issues with other fine-motor skills. Symptoms include difficulty learning to tie shoes, zip a jacket, write legibly (i.e., can’t form letters properly), and avoiding coloring or other fine-motor activities that most kids enjoy. Some children with dysgraphia have strong verbal skills to compensate for their writing issues and are often strong readers. Because little is known about the disorder, it is sometimes misdiagnosed as dyslexia or dyscalculia.
- Dyscalculia is a disorder characterized by problems with learning fundamentals that include one or more basic numerical skills. Often people with this condition can understand very complex mathematical concepts but have difficulty processing formulas or basic addition and subtraction. A person with the disorder may struggle with visual-spatial relationships or processing what he or she hears.
- Dyspraxia also called apraxia, is a condition characterized by a significant difficulty in carrying out routine tasks involving balance, fine-motor control, and kinesthetic coordination. Signs of the disorder in early childhood include not reaching developmental milestones on time, as well as clumsy and uncoordinated movements. Verbal dyspraxia describes a difficulty in the use of speech sounds, which may be the result of a developmental delay in the speech production area of the brain. Verbal dyspraxia may appear as a stand-alone disorder or accompany dyspraxia.
To learn more about the specific symptoms of LDs, please refer to the DSM-V criteria for Specific Learning Disabilities (SLD).
Source: (1)National Center for Learning Disability
Source: (2) National Dissemination Center for child with disabilities
Source: (3)UT Dallas: Study Links Math Abilities To Left-Right Brain Communication Source: (4)Functional Characteristics of Developmental Dyslexia in Left-hemispheric Posterior Brain Regions Predate Reading Onset (5)Brain Balance Achievement Centers
**A formal Diagnosis is informative but not necessary to benefit from the Whole Brain Gym program.